HEALTH PORTATION curated News February 19th

BRAIN - A circuit for change
To answer the seemingly simple question "Have I been here before?" we must use our memories of previous experiences to determine if our current location is familiar or novel. In a new study published in the Journal of Neuroscience researchers from the RIKEN Brain Science Institute have identified a region of the hippocampus, called CA2, which is sensitive to even small changes in a familiar context. The results provide the first clue to the contr ...
http://medicalxpress.com/news/2014-02-circuit.htm


BRAIN - ADHD in Preschoolers? How Young is Too Young
WebMD reports on ADHD diagnosis in children as young as 4 .. ...
http://www.webmd.com/add-adhd/childhood-adhd/features/adhd-i


BRAIN - Can you boost your brain power through video?
Watching video of simple tasks before carrying them out may boost the brain's structure, or plasticity, and increase motor skills, according to a study released today that will be presented at the American Academy of Neurology's 66th Annual Meeting in Philadelphia, April 26 to May 3, 2014. Brain plasticity is the brain's ability to flex and adapt, allowing for better learning. The brain loses plasticity as it ages .. ...
http://medicalxpress.com/news/2014-02-boost-brain-power-vide


BRAIN - Does more stress equal more headaches?
A new study provides evidence for what many people who experience headache have long suspected—having more stress in your life leads to more headaches. The study released today will be presented at the American Academy of Neurology's 66th Annual Meeting in Philadelphia, April 26 to May 3, 2014 .. ...
http://medicalxpress.com/news/2014-02-stress-equal-headaches


BRAIN - Dreams, déjà vu and delusions caused by faulty 'reality testing'
(Medical Xpress)—New research from the University of Adelaide has delved into the reasons why some people are unable to break free of their delusions, despite overwhelming evidence explaining the delusion isn't real .. ...
http://medicalxpress.com/news/2014-02-dj-vu-delusions-faulty


BRAIN - Family problems experienced in childhood and adolescence affect brain development
(Medical Xpress)—New research has revealed that exposure to common family problems during childhood and early adolescence affects brain development, which could lead to mental health issues in later life .. ...
http://medicalxpress.com/news/2014-02-family-problems-experi


BRAIN - How to Preserve Your Relationship When Your Child Has ADHD
WebMD talks to experts about how parents can keep their child's ADHD from harming their own relationship .. ...
http://www.webmd.com/add-adhd/childhood-adhd/features/child-


BRAIN - Newly developed chemical restores light perception to blind mice
Progressive degeneration of photoreceptors—the rods and cones of the eyes—causes blinding diseases such as retinitis pigmentosa and age-related macular degeneration. While there are currently no available treatments to reverse this degeneration, a newly developed compound allows other cells in the eye to act like photoreceptors. As described in a study appearing in the February 19 issue of the Cell Press journal Neuron, the compound may be a pote ...
http://medicalxpress.com/news/2014-02-newly-chemical-percept


BRAIN - Scientists discover protein's role in human memory and learning functions
Scientists at A*STAR's Institute of Molecular and Cell Biology (IMCB) have identified the precise role of the protein, SNX27, in the pathway leading to memory and learning impairment. The study broadens the understanding of the brain's memory function and could be used to explain defects in the cognitive development of those with Down's syndrome. The newly established knowledge could potentially facilitate exploration of strategies to improve mem ...
http://medicalxpress.com/news/2014-02-scientists-protein-rol


BRAIN - Study of jazz players shows common brain circuitry processes music and language
The brains of jazz musicians engrossed in spontaneous, improvisational musical conversation showed robust activation of brain areas traditionally associated with spoken language and syntax, which are used to interpret the structure of phrases and sentences. But this musical conversation shut down brain areas linked to semantics—those that process the meaning of spoken language, according to results of a study by Johns Hopkins researchers .. ...
http://medicalxpress.com/news/2014-02-jazz-players-common-br


BRAIN - Study reveals workings of working memory
Keep this in mind: Scientists say they've learned how your brain plucks information out of working memory when you decide to act .. ...
http://medicalxpress.com/news/2014-02-reveals-memory.htm


BRAIN - Tiny 'garbage collectors' help control brain development
(Medical Xpress)—Millions of tiny nanovesicles—once thought to be merely molecular garbage collectors—are actually stuffed with information crucial to brain development, Yale researchers report .. ...
http://medicalxpress.com/news/2014-02-tiny-garbage-collector


COOK - How to eat yummy bugs (Recipe)
Rachael Young grew up as a second-generation vegetarian in Vermont. Now she's passionate about eating bugs, and making recipes to make them palatable to the squeamish amongst us .. ...
http://www.treehugger.com/green-food/how-eat-yummy-bugs-reci


DIABETES - Researchers examine molecular relationships between diabetes and heart disease
(Medical Xpress)—Chronic treatment with low doses of a drug used to boost organ survival in transplant patients has been found to improve metabolism and heart dysfunction in an animal model, according to a new study from Virginia Commonwealth University .. ...
http://medicalxpress.com/news/2014-02-molecular-relationship


FOODS - Food packaging chemicals may be harmful to human health over long term
The synthetic chemicals used in the packaging, storage, and processing of foodstuffs might be harmful to human health over the long term, warn environmental scientists in a commentary in the Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health .. ...
http://medicalxpress.com/news/2014-02-food-packaging-chemica


HEART - Gene Therapy Shows Promise for Treating Heart Attack Victims
Injections of a normally silent gene sparked recovery in pigs induced to have heart attacks  .. ...
http://www.scientificamerican.com/article/gene-therapy-shows


HEART - Public defibrillator shortage helping to boost heart attack deaths away from hospital
The restricted availability of defibrillators, and poor understanding of how to use them, are helping to boost the number of deaths from heart attacks occurring outside hospitals, suggests a study of one English county, published online in the journal Heart .. ...
http://medicalxpress.com/news/2014-02-defibrillator-shortage


HEART - Understanding heart failure at the cellular level
A team of researchers at the University of Florence in Italy and the University of Connecticut Health Center have used a multidisciplinary approach to provide an unprecedented glimpse of what happens to the heart during an "infarction"—a heart attack—by looking at how the attack affects electrical activity and calcium release in heart cells .. ...
http://medicalxpress.com/news/2014-02-heart-failure-cellular


IMMUNE-SYSTEM - High family stress can impact a child's immune system
High family stress can lead to the child's immune system being affected, as a research group at the School of Health Sciences at Jönköping University and the Faculty of Health Sciences at Linköping University in Sweden shows in a study being published in the renowned American periodical Journal of Immunology .. ...
http://medicalxpress.com/news/2014-02-high-family-stress-imp


NEWS - 'Avatar doctor' is coming, physician-author says
It's just in fiction for now, but the "avatar doctor," a virtual physician which consults and diagnoses through a smartphone app, is coming, says the author of a new medical thriller .. ...
http://medicalxpress.com/news/2014-02-avatar-doctor-physicia


NEWS - Blood pressure medications given right after stroke not beneficial, study finds
A major study has found that giving stroke patients medications to lower their blood pressure during the first 48 hours after a stroke does not reduce the likelihood of death or major disability .. ...
http://medicalxpress.com/news/2014-02-blood-pressure-medicat


NEWS - Heart disease, stroke risk estimator app now available for health care professionals
(Medical Xpress)—The American College of Cardiology and the American Heart Association have released a mobile and Web-based app for health care professionals to use with their patients in determining 10-year and lifetime risks for developing atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD), the major cause of heart attack and ischemic stroke .. ...
http://medicalxpress.com/news/2014-02-heart-disease-app-heal


NEWS - More Patients Are Checking Doctor-Rating Websites, Study Finds
But just how trustworthy these reviews are isn't clea .. ...
Despite incentives, just 1 in 6 uses the new
http://www.webmd.com/news/20140218/more-patients-are-checkin


NEWS - More educated people from wealthier areas, women, more likely to die from assisted suicide
Researchers in Switzerland, where assisted suicide is legal, have conducted a study – published online in the International Journal of Epidemiology today – that shows assisted suicide is more common in women, the divorced, those living alone, the more educated, those with no religious affiliation, and those from wealthier areas .. ...
http://medicalxpress.com/news/2014-02-people-wealthier-areas


NEWS - Physicians more likely to be burned out than non-doc peers
(HealthDay)—Trainees and early-career physicians are more likely to be burned out than control population samples, according to research published online Jan. 20 in Academic Medicine .. ...
http://medicalxpress.com/news/2014-02-physicians-non-doc-pee


NEWS - Probiotic treatment for vaginal thrush on the way
Scientists are testing vaginal pessaries containing 'good' probiotic bacteria for the treatment of vaginal thrush. Research published today in the Society for Applied Microbiology's Journal of Applied Microbiology shows that this approach is likely to be a viable alternative to using precious antimicrobial drugs .. ...
http://medicalxpress.com/news/2014-02-probiotic-treatment-va


NEWS - Scientists identify new Huntington disease pathway
(Medical Xpress)—An international group of researchers has identified a major new pathway thought to be involved in the development of Huntington disease. The findings, published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences journal, could eventually lead to new treatments for the disease, which currently has no cure .. ...
http://medicalxpress.com/news/2014-02-scientists-huntington-


NEWS - Study finds nothing so sweet as a voice like your own
Have you ever noticed that your best friends speak the same way? A new University of British Columbia study finds we prefer voices that are similar to our own because they convey a soothing sense of community and social belongingness .. ...
http://medicalxpress.com/news/2014-02-sweet-voice.htm


NEWS - The nose knows in asthma
It has become increasingly clear in recent years that asthma comes in several variations, with different causes, different pathologies and different responses to therapy. These subtypes of asthma can be identified by knowing which genes are expressed at higher and lower levels in patients' airways. That information can, in turn, help guide personalized treatment to more effectively manage asthma and inspire research to better understand, manage, ...
http://medicalxpress.com/news/2014-02-nose-asthma.htm


NEWS - Vaccines Endure Hot Weather without Damage
An anti-meningitis campaign in Benin has delivered more than 150,000 doses with no losses from excess heat .. ...
http://www.scientificamerican.com/article/vaccines-endure-ho


NEWS-CANCER - Blocking glutamine pumps suppresses melanoma cell growth
The latest research from Sydney's Centenary Institute and the University of Sydney suggests we could .. ...
http://medicalxpress.com/news/2014-02-blocking-glutamine-sup


NEWS-CANCER - Instructional Video Improves Skin Cancer Diagnoses in Older Men: Study
Whole-body exams more common among film viewer .. ...
It's a hidden concern that doctors need to
http://www.webmd.com/melanoma-skin-cancer/news/20140219/inst


NEWS-CANCER - Osteoporosis drug may treat breast and liver cancers
(Medical Xpress)—A drug used to prevent and treat osteoporosis in post-menopausal women may also be able to treat some breast and liver cancers, according to a new study from Oregon State University .. ...
http://medicalxpress.com/news/2014-02-osteoporosis-drug-brea


NEWS-CANCER - Targeted treatment for ovarian cancer discovered
Researchers at Women & Infants Hospital of Rhode Island have developed a biologic drug that would prevent the production of a protein known to allow ovarian cancer cells to grow aggressively while being resistant to chemotherapy. This would improve treatment and survival rates for some women .. ...
http://medicalxpress.com/news/2014-02-treatment-ovarian-canc


NEWS-CANCER - Technique allows for radiation-free detection of tumors, study finds
Researchers at the Stanford University School of Medicine and Lucile Packard Children's Hospital Stanford have developed a way to scan young cancer patients' bodies for tumors without exposing them to radiation. The technique could reduce patients' risk of developing secondary cancers later in life .. ...
http://medicalxpress.com/news/2014-02-technique-radiation-fr


PSYCHOLOGY - When faced with a hard decision, people tend to blame fate
Life is full of decisions. Some, like what to eat for breakfast, are relatively easy. Others, like whether to move cities for a new job, are quite a bit more difficult. Difficult decisions tend to make us feel stressed and uncomfortable – we don't want to feel responsible if the outcome is less than desirable. New research suggests that we deal with such difficult decisions by shifting responsibility for the decision to fate .. ...
http://medicalxpress.com/news/2014-02-hard-decision-people-t


SLEEP - Scientists identify the switch that says it's time to sleep
The switch in the brain that sends us off to sleep has been identified by researchers at Oxford University's Centre for Neural Circuits and Behaviour in a study in fruit flies .. ...
http://medicalxpress.com/news/2014-02-scientists_1_2.htm


SPIRITUALITY - Why Are Educated People More Likely to Be Atheists?
The more education a person receives, the more likely they are to become atheists. Non belief also increases with intelligence and income. Residents of more educated countries see religion as less important in their daily lives.read mor .. ...
http://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/the-human-beast/201402/w


WEIGHT - Crowdsourced study finds keys to slim adulthood
(Medical Xpress)—Remember that slim kid in school – the one with the cook-from-scratch mom and a large circle of friends? He's likely one of the fittest dudes at your high school reunion .. ...
http://medicalxpress.com/news/2014-02-crowdsourced-keys-slim