HEALTH PORTATION curated News April 3rd

BRAIN - A critical window into the developing human brain profiled
Researchers at the Allen Institute for Brain Science have generated a high-resolution blueprint for how to build a human brain, with a detailed map of where different genes are turned on and off during mid-pregnancy at unprecedented anatomical resolution. This first major report using data from the BrainSpan Atlas of the Developing Human Brain is published in the journal Nature this week. The data provide exceptional insight into diseases like au ...
http://medicalxpress.com/news/2014-04-critical-window-human-


BRAIN - Neuroscientists finds lateral habenula controls sensitivity to negative effects of drinking alcohol
As recovering spring breakers are regretting binge drinking escapades, it may be hard for them to appreciate that there is a positive side to the nausea, sleepiness, and stumbling. University of Utah neuroscientists report that when a region of the brain called the lateral habenula is chronically inactivated in rats, they repeatedly drink to excess and are less able to learn from the experience. The study, published online in PLOS ONE on April 2, ...
http://medicalxpress.com/news/2014-04-neuroscientists-latera


BRAIN - Research showcases most comprehensive wiring diagram of mammalian brain to date
Researchers from the Allen Institute for Brain Science have published the first comprehensive, large-scale data set on how the brain of a mammal is wired, providing a groundbreaking data resource and fresh insights into how the nervous system processes information. Their landmark paper in this week's issue of the journal Nature both describes the publicly available Allen Mouse Brain Connectivity Atlas, and demonstrates the exciting knowledge that ...
http://medicalxpress.com/news/2014-04-showcases-comprehensiv


BRAIN - Researchers find portable, low-cost optical imaging tool useful in concussion evaluation
(Medical Xpress)—Two separate projects, spearheaded by University of Pittsburgh Schools of the Health Sciences researchers and published recently in scientific journals, represented important steps toward demonstrating on patients the utility of portable, optical brain imaging for concussion and substantiating—via a large-scale statistical analysis—computerized neurocognitive testing for concussion .. ...
http://medicalxpress.com/news/2014-04-portable-low-cost-opti


BRAIN - Researchers identify brain cells that control backward walking in fruit flies
Researchers at the Institute of Molecular Pathology (IMP) in Vienna managed to isolate "moonwalker flies" in a high-throughput screen. Screening a large collection of fruit flies, the scientists found specimens that seemed locked in reverse gear. Dickson and his co-workers were able to trace these changes in walking direction back to the activity of specific neurons in the brain. The results of the study will be published in the current issue of ...
http://medicalxpress.com/news/2014-04-brain-cells-fruit-flie


EXERCISE - For a Sharper Mind in Middle Age, Try Running in Your 20s
Reason #34,857 that exercise is important: getting your pulse up when you're 25 can make for a better brain at 45, according to a newly published study out of the University of Minnesota, the first to examine how exercise in young adulthood affects cognition later in life.Read more...    .. ...
For a Sharper Mind in Middle Age, Try Running in Your 20s
http://io9.com/for-a-sharper-mind-in-middle-age-try-running-


EXERCISE - Running, cardio activities in young adulthood may preserve thinking skills in middle age
Young adults who run or participate in other cardio fitness activities may preserve their memory and thinking skills in middle age, according to a new study published in the April 2, 2014, online issue of Neurology, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology. Middle age was defined as ages 43 to 55 .. ...
http://medicalxpress.com/news/2014-04-cardio-young-adulthood


FOODS - 11 ‘Fitness Foods’ to Help You Get in Shape Faster
As a sports nutritionist, I'm always on the lookout for research about how various foods can enhance athletic performance, speed recovery, and build muscle mass. When I pass this info on to my clients, they often feel the effects quickly, and I relish remarks they share like, "Wow, what a difference!" or "I feel 10 years younger." Here are 11 foods currently on my "eats for athletes" list, the research behind why they deserve a place on your trai ...
http://abcnews.go.com/Health/Wellness/11-fitness-foods-shape


FOODS - A new approach to detecting changes in GM foods
Does genetic manipulation causes unintended changes in food quality and composition? Are genetically modified (GM) foods less nutritious than their non-GM counterparts, or different in unknown ways .. ...
http://phys.org/news/2014-04-approach-gm-foods.htm


FOODS - Key chocolate ingredients could help prevent obesity, diabetes
Improved thinking. Decreased appetite. Lowered blood pressure. The potential health benefits of dark chocolate keep piling up, and scientists are now homing in on what ingredients in chocolate might help prevent obesity, as well as type-2 diabetes. They found that one particular type of antioxidant in cocoa prevented laboratory mice from gaining excess weight and lowered their blood sugar levels .. ...
http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2014/04/140402110000.ht


FOODS - The science of champagne fizz: How many bubbles are in your bubbly?
The importance of fizz, more technically known as effervescence, in sparkling wines and champagnes is not to be underestimated -- it contributes to the complete sensory experience of a glass, or flute, of fine bubbly. A scientist has now closely examined the factors that affect these bubbles, and he has come up with an estimate of just how many are in each glass .. ...
http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2014/04/140402110004.ht


FOODS - Whisky gets greener as Scottish distillers burn waste byproducts
SPEYSIDE (Reuters) - Scotch whisky distillers are burning their unwanted grain byproducts, wood chips and other types of biomass for a source of energy in remote areas of the Highlands, where gas... .. ...
http://www.reuters.com/article/2014/04/04/us-scotland-whisky


IMMUNE-SYSTEM - Strain-specific Lyme disease immunity lasts for years
Lyme disease, if not treated promptly with antibiotics, can become a lingering problem for those infected. But a new study led by researchers from the University of Pennsylvania has some brighter news: Once infected with a particular strain of the disease-causing bacteria, humans appear to develop immunity against that strain that can last six to nine years .. ...
http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2014/04/140402110029.ht


NEWS - 'Homo' is the only primate whose tooth size decreases as its brain size increases
Andalusian researchers, led by the University of Granada, have discovered a curious characteristic of the members of the human lineage, classed as the genus Homo: they are the only primates where, throughout their 2.5-million year history, the size of their teeth has decreased alongside the increase in their brain size .. ...
http://phys.org/news/2014-04-homo-primate-tooth-size-decreas


NEWS - Diffeomorphometry and geodesic positioning systems for human anatomy
A team of researchers from the Center for Imaging Science at the Johns Hopkins University and the CMLA of the École Normale Supérieure Cachan have demonstrated new algorithmic technologies for the parametric representation of human shape and form. Coupled with advanced imaging technologies, this presents opportunities for tracking soft-tissue deformations associated with cardiovascular studies, radiation treatment planning in Oncology, and neurod ...
http://medicalxpress.com/news/2014-04-diffeomorphometry-geod


NEWS-CANCER - Coffee Consumption Reduces Mortality Risk from Liver Cirrhosis
Consuming two or more cups of coffee each day reduces the risk of death from liver cirrhosis by 66%, specifically cirrhosis caused by non-viral hepatitis, new research reveals. Findings show that tea, fruit juice, and soft drink consumption are not linked to cirrhosis mortality risk. As with previous studies, heavy alcohol use was found to increase risk of death from cirrhosis .. ...
http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2014/04/140402095656.ht


NEWS-CANCER - New general concept for treatment of cancer
A team of researchers from five Swedish universities has identified a new way of treating cancer. The concept is based on inhibiting a specific enzyme called MTH1, which cancer cells, unlike normal cells, require for survival. Without this enzyme, oxidized nucleotides are incorporated into DNA, resulting in lethal DNA double-strand breaks in cancer cells .. ...
http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2014/04/140402133937.ht


PSYCHOLOGY - The Greatest Thing About Becoming Successful
One of the greatest things about becoming successful in business is the ability to take time to mentor young people who are just starting out .. ...
http://www.forbes.com/sites/amyanderson/2014/04/04/the-great


SLEEP - Insomnia May Raise Stroke Risk, Especially for Younger Adults
Researchers in Taiwan found strongest connection among people younger than 3 .. ...
One additional hour of shuteye reduced depressive
http://www.webmd.com/sleep-disorders/news/20140403/insomnia-


VITAMINS - Researchers identify how zinc regulates key enzyme involved in cell death
The molecular details of how zinc, an essential trace element of human metabolism, interacts with the enzyme caspase-3, which is central to apoptosis or cell death, have been elucidated in a new study led by researchers. Dysregulation of apoptosis is implicated in cancer and neurodegenerative disease. Zinc is known to affect the process by inhibiting the activity of caspases, which are important drug targets for the treatment of the above conditi ...
http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2014/04/140402111627.ht


WEIGHT - Does access to morning light affect your weight?
A new study finds that people who get a lot of morning light have lower body mass indices. This has design implications .. ...
http://www.treehugger.com/green-home/does-access-morning-lig